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The factors that affect credit scores most
The two major scoring companies in the U.S., FICO, and VantageScore, differ a bit in their approaches, but they agree on the two factors that are most important. Payment history and credit utilization make up more than half of your credit scores. Focus your attention mostly on those two while keeping an eye on the other factors.
Here’s a breakdown of all the factors that affect your scores
Your credit reports reveal your payment history, or whether you’ve consistently paid bills and other obligations on time. FICO says payment history accounts for 35% of your score. VantageScore doesn’t give percentages, but it calls payment history “extremely influential.”
What to do:
Pay all bills on time. Paying bills late by 30 days or more can dent your scores — and the later you pay, the greater the damage. Set up autopay or calendar reminders so you don’t miss due dates. You might also want to ask creditors to move your due dates so they better align with when you get paid.
The amount of the credit limit you use is called credit utilization. FICO says the amount of available credit you use counts for 30% of your score, while VantageScore calls credit utilization “highly influential.”
What to do:
Experts recommend using no more than 30% of your available credit. People with the highest scores tend to use much less than that. To keep your credit utilization low, you can try things like setting balance alerts or making extra payments during the month.
The good news is that score damage from having high credit utilization can be reversed. Once you pay a high balance down and the creditor reports it to the credit bureaus, the damage disappears.
Other credit score factors you should know about
Once you’ve mastered paying on time and keeping credit utilization low, turn your attention to other credit factors. These also affect your scores, though not nearly as much: